: New Delhi
: Dinpanah & Shergarh
The Purana Quila was the citadel of the city of Dinpanah, Refuge of the Faithful. It was started by Humayun in 1533 AD and completed five years later. When the Afghan King Sher Shah Suri beaten Humayun, he renamed the fort as Shergarh. Sher shah is also credited with adding many more buildings in the complex. There are three entrances to the Purana Qila out of which only one leftovers open and is used as the entrance these days. It is called the Bara Darwaza. The south gate is called the Humayun Gate probably because it was constructed by Humayun or Humayun's Tomb is visible from there. The third gate is known as the Talaqi Gate.
is an imposing mosque constructed by Sher Shah in 1541 AD. The mid section of the mosque is made up of white marble and bright red sandstone. The inside western wall called the qibla wall of the mosque has five arched openings richly ornamented in white and black marbles. Sher Shah constructed another building, the Sher Mandal, as a pleasure tower. It is an octagonal building made up of red sandstone. The two-storeyed exhibition area has sharp steps leading up to the roof. The composition was intended to be higher than its existing height but the work was stopped due to untimely death of Sher Shah. When Humayun recaptured Delhi in 1555 AD, he converted the Sher Mandal into his library and observatory. Humayun fell from the steps of this building a year later while he was coming down for his namaz.
Legend of Old Fort
It is supposed that Sher Shah left the Purana-Qila unfinished, and Humayun finished it. Among the scribblings in ink that existed in a recess of the gate, there was a mention of Humayun, and it is possible, therefore, that if the gate was not constructed by Humayun, it was at least repaired by him. In the southern gate, which is called the Humayun-Darwaza, there existed a similar inscription in ink mentioning Sher Shah and the date 950 A.H. (1543-44).
Purana-Qila originally place on the bank of the Yamuna. The general depression on the northern and western sides of the fortress suggests that a wide moat connected with the river existed on these sides, which were approached through a causeway connecting the fortress with the main land.
A Sound And Light Show At Purana Qila
This is the story of the city of cities.. DELHI; of the site where a great empire rose and
fell before the dawn of history; where citadels of emperors appeared and disappeared; a city of mysterious eternity whose old ruins proclaim a majestic and imperial past and whose present pulsates vibrantly with the even flowing life force of India.
The eternal Yamuna bears witness to the glorious and tumultuous 5,000-year-old history of Delhi. A history, which begins with the creation of Indraprastha by the Pandavas and the transformation of this barren gift of the Kauravas into an idyllic haven.
A history which encompasses the various kings and emperors who fixed their royal citadels here - Indraprastha, Lal Kot, Qila Rai Pithora, Siri, Jahanpanah, Tughlakabad, Ferozabad, Dinapanah, Delhi Sher Shahi or then Shahjahanabad. But, combined and integrated into one, these 'new cities' have always been called Delhi and howsoever many names it may have acquired, Delhi has always been intrinsically identified with power and imperial sway.
The historic Purana Qila, which has stood witness to Delhi's transformation, periods of anarchy, and the rise and fall of empires, is the venue for the stunning sound and light show which brings alive the history of the capital. Amidst the tranquility of the splendidly panoramic environs of Purana Qila, choose episodes from the annals of Delhi's historic and legendary past are brought to life.
The spectator is transported centuries back in time to onlooker Draupadi being reduced to a Dasi (maid servant) of Hastinapur, the gallant Prithviraj Chauhan galloping away with the beauteous Samyogita, Sher Shah Suri being blown to bits by a misfired cannon, the clash of a sword weilded by the legendary Razia Sultan, Humayun tragically tumbling down the steps of his library and Bahadur Shah Zafar surrendering to the British.
These and many more such episodes out of Delhi's 5,000-year-old saga can be relived during this evocative 62 minutes Son et Lumiere. Advanced technology has made it possible to add special effects which combine with the unique ambience to make this show a hauntingly unforgettable experience.
The Lake And Zoo
Close to the Old Fort is a pond, which has paddle-boating facility. This lake is bounded by a garden with rows of trees and flower plants. Inside the fort too there are well grafted and maintained lawns, which add to the greenery in the fort. Delhi's Zoological Park is adjacent to the Purana Qila.