Baidyanath Dham (Deoghar)
Dham is a very famous Hindu pilgrimage. It is also called
DEOGHAR or the house of Gods and Godesses. Situated on the eastern side of Bihar, this township is very close to the Bengal border. Visitors from all over visit this important temple where the Kamana Linga of Lord Shiva is situated. In the month of `shrawan' devotees come in lacs, particularly on 'Mondays'. Many of these devotees come walking after traversing a distance of some 100 kms on foot to pour the holy Ganga water on Kamana Linga picked up from Sultanganj. Baidyanathdham can be reached by train on or road. Jaisidih station, on the Howrah-Patna rail line of Eastern Railway is just 7 kms away. Regular bus services from Ranchi and Patna are available. From Bhagalpur this pilgrimage site is about 80 kms.
The gods were most unhappy at the idea of the heavenly lingam being established in the enemy kingdom, which would render them powerless against their adversary, Ravana. A strategy was soon worked out to outwit the enemy. The god of water, Varuna entered Ravana's body and urged him to relieve himself. Meanwhile, Vishnu disguised as an old brahmin, befriended Ravana and offered himself to hold the jyotirlinga for a minute.
Ravana realised his folly when he returned to see the lingam on the ground with the Brahmin nowhere to be seen. Ravana did his best to uproot the lingam but beyond breaking the tip he was unsuccessful. He finally prostrated before the invincible lingam, which has ever since remained rooted at Deogarh. In deep remorse, Ravana used to come to this place everday and worship the lingam by offering water from the Ganges.
Historically the temple is dated to 1596 when a seeker by the name of Baiju, discovered the gone lingam. Since then it came to be known as Baidyanath and people also call it Kamma Lingam - the desire fulfilling lingam.